Sunday, January 20, 2013

Development of STs

Implementation of Schemes for Development of STs

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs implements various Central Sector/Centrally Sponsored Schemes for the socio-economic development of tribal people in the country including two Special Area programmes viz., (i) Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution and (ii) Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Plan with allocation decided by the Planning Commission on annual basis. This is an additive to the States Tribal Sub-Plan. The proposals submitted by the State/UT Government under the schemes/programmes of this Ministry are considered by this Ministry in accordance with guidelines under the respective scheme. Funds are released to the State/UT Governments concerned when their proposals fulfill the eligible conditions of the relevant schemes, subject to availability of funds and utilization of previously released funds. Receipt and sanction of the proposals from the State/UT Governments under the various schemes/programmes of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs is an on-going process.

Scheme Strengthening Education Among ST Girls

To bridge the gap and improve the literacy level of female students belonging to the Scheduled Tribe communities, besides usual reservation for ST students, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs is implementing many education-oriented schemes. This Ministry has been implementing a specific scheme for ST girls - 'Strengthening Education among ST Girls in Low Literacy Districts' in 54 identified districts where the literacy rate of ST female is less than 35% and ST population is more than 25%. The other schemes of this Ministry which promote education among Scheduled Tribes children are: "Construction of Hostels for ST Girls and Boys", "Establishment of Ashram Schools in Tribal Sub-Plan Areas", "Post-Matric Scholarship, Book Bank and Up gradation of Merit", "National Overseas Scholarship Scheme for Higher Studies Abroad (NOS)" and "Top Class Education for ST Students".

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