Thursday, November 7, 2013

Employment and unemployment in India- Report of 66th round of the NSSO (Sept.2013)

An all-India survey on the situation of employment and unemployment in India was carried 
out as a part of the 66th round of the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) during the period 
July 2009 - June 2010. This nation-wide enquiry was conducted to provide estimates on various 
characteristics pertaining to employment and unemployment in India at the national and state 
levels. Information on various facets of employment and unemployment was collected through 
employment and unemployment schedule (Schedule 10) of NSS 66th round. Based on the data 
collected during the entire period of survey, estimates of employment and unemployment in 
cities and towns of India along with certain features associated with them have been presented in 
this report.

This report is based on the eighth quinquennial survey on employment and unemployment 
conducted in the 66th round of NSS during July 2009 to June 2010. The survey was spread over 
7,402 villages and 5,252 urban blocks covering 1, 00,957 households (59,129 in rural areas and 
41,828 in urban areas) and enumerating 4, 59,784 persons (2, 81,327 in rural areas and 1, 78,457
in urban areas). Employment and unemployment were measured with three different approaches, 
viz. usual status with a reference period of one year, current weekly status with one week 
reference period and current daily status based on the daily activity pursued during each day of 
the reference week. Unless otherwise stated, usual status workers will mean all workers taking 
into consideration the usual principal and subsidiary status together. In this report, estimates of 
the employment and unemployment indicators are presented for each of the class 1 cities in 
India. The corresponding estimates are also presented for each State/UT for three size classes of 
towns, as per Population Census 2001, viz. class 1 cities (with population one million and 
above), class 2 towns (with population 50,000 to one million) and class 3 towns (with 
population less than 50,000). Some of the key findings of the 66th round of NSS survey on 
employment and unemployment conducted during July 2009 to June 2010 are stated below.

 The proportion of usually employed males of age 15 years and above was 73 per cent for
class 1 cities and 74 per cent for size class 2 towns and about 76 per cent for size class 3 
towns. For females of the same age group the corresponding proportions were - 17 per cent 
for class 1 cities, 18 per cent for size class 2 towns and nearly 21 per cent for size class 3 
towns. 
 Between 2004-05 and 2009-10 the proportion of usually employed males of age 15 years and 
above decreased by 3 percentage points for class 1 cities, 2 percentage points for size class 2 
and 3 towns each. During this period, corresponding decrease for females was 3 percentage 
points in class 1 cities, 4 percentage points for size class 2 towns and 7 percentage points for 
size class 3 towns.

 Among male workers of age 15 years and above in the usual status (ps+ss), about 52 per cent 
in class 1 cities, about 43 per cent in size class 2 towns and about 31 per cent in size class 3
towns were regular wage/salaried employees. Corresponding proportions for females were 58 
per cent, 42 per cent and 23 per cent for class 1 cities, size class 2 towns and size class 3
towns, respectively. 
 Among male workers of age 15 years and above in the usual status (ps+ss), about 39 per cent 
in class 1 cities, about 40 per cent in size class 2 towns and about 45 per cent in size class 3
towns were self-employed. Corresponding proportions for females were 33 per cent, 41 per 
cent and 47 per cent for class 1 cities, size class 2 towns and size class 3 towns, respectively. 

Among the workers in the usual status (ps+ss), the tertiary sector had the highest share of 
workers in 2009-10 compared to other two sectors in all size class of towns. Among male 
workers of age 15 years and above in urban India, about 59 per cent were engaged in tertiary 
sector, about 35 per cent in secondary sector and about 6 per cent in primary sector.
Corresponding proportions for females were about 53 per cent, 33 per cent and 14 per cent,
respectively.

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